Why is Southern Illinois called Little Egypt? While exploring Southern Illinois, you will begin to notice all of the references and correlations to Egypt surrounding the region. Interestingly enough, although there are several theories, researchers have confirmed that there is no official version or documentation that proves the name’s origins. However, there are a few proposed theories as to where all the Egyptian references come from.
Why Is Southern Illinois Called Little Egypt?
The most popular and sensical theory is that the name arose in the 1830s when cold weather caused a very poor harvest in the northern part of the state. The winter between 1830 to 1831 was known as “The Winter of Deep Snow” and spring arrived late that season. Later that September, an early frost ruined most of the season’s crops. It was a very bad year for the folks in northern Illinois. Due to lack of food, droves of people from the north headed to the bountiful south to buy grain, corn, and other supplies.
During the trek, Northerners associated themselves to the children of Jacob who in a time of famine were forced to head south to Egypt in search of food for their families during biblical times. Fleeing to the Carbondale region had essentially saved their lives and was deemed “Little Egypt.” This story was supposedly documented in an article written by Judge Andrew Duff.
Another theory claims that the reference may derive from the similarity between the land of the Ohio and Mississippi River valleys and Egypt’s Nile Delta. In 1818, a huge parcel of land was purchased between the two joining rivers. The developers called it, “Cairo.” Today, the city that sits at the peninsula where the Ohio River joins the Mississippi continues to be named “Cairo,” but locals do pronounce it differently than the famous city in Egypt.
It’s important to note although Cairo was established in 1818, researchers did confirm that Southern Illinois had an Egyptian ties years before Cairo was officially named.
Interesting fact: There are several towns in Illinois with Egyptian related names including: Cairo, Carmi, Karnak, Goshen, Thebes, and Dongola.
First Documented Use of the Name “Little Egypt”
Where to Discover Egypt in Illinois
Southern Illinois University
Many people don’t realize that Southern Illinois University’s mascot was originally the Maroons. In 1951 the name was changed to the Salukis, an ancient breed of Egyptian hunting dog. In 1953, the school received their first real Saluki as a mascot and named him “King Tut.”
King Tut was buried (after being run over by a car) near the corner of the football stadium, and a cement pyramid was built as a gravestone. With the building of a new stadium, his pyramid was moved directly in front of the entrance. Fans now touch this marker for luck before entering.
Camel Rock | Garden of the Gods Recreation Area
Camel Rock is located within the Garden of the Gods Recreation Area. This rock formation is so stunning that it was featured in the U.S. Mint America the Beautiful quarters program. The short 1/4 mile hike is easy and amazingly picturesque.
At the southernmost point in Illinois, where the Mississippi River and Ohio River meet, the city of Cairo still stands today. In its heyday, Cairo was an important city along the steamboat routes and railway lines. However, those that decide to drive through the town will find it eerily empty and deserted. Cairo is now considered a true ghost town.
The historic downtown has now fallen to urban decay with crumbling buildings and boarded-up windows. Many surrounding neighborhoods have also deteriorated and have been abandoned. Historians claim that Cairo became a ghost town after it fell into an economic crisis following the decline of jobs from the failed shipping industry and its turbulent history of strong racial unrest.
Bell Smith Springs Recreation Area
Bell Smith Springs Recreation Area just might be the best place for a day hike in Illinois. The 8-miles of interconnected trails sit within a lush canyon that uncovers crystal clear, rocky turquoise streams. The highlights include Devil’s Backbone, natural rock bridge, and Boulder Falls. Along with one of the lower hiking trails, visitors will find a series of huge boulders that resemble huge pyramids. It’s a cool natural landmark hidden in the Shawnee National Forest.